The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This essay by Juan Calzadilla reviews the stages of Armando Reverón’s art (blue, white, and sepia periods) proposed by Alfredo Boulton in 1955 in order to broaden and deepen understanding of Reverón’s life and work. Calzadilla posits as well an “initial phase” during which Reverón’s “processes of symbolization” in painting emerged; a stage he calls the “majas series” parallel to the sepia period posited by Boulton; and an “expressionist period” (1945?53) at the end of the artist’s career. Calzadilla includes information about Reverón’s life and analyzes his personality, the dolls and other objects he created, the atmosphere at El Castillete (his home and studio in the coastal city of Macuto), and his painting ritual. The author describes a complex world of creation that goes beyond the confines of the strictly pictorial.
Critic Juan Calzadilla (b. 1931) began writing about Venezuelan painter Armando Reverón (1889?1954) in 1955. By the seventies, he—along with Alfredo Boulton—was the most important scholar of Reverón’s work. Calzadilla, who formed part of a generation of young leftist intellectuals, set out to review the stages of Reverón’s production (blue, white, and sepia periods) that Boulton had formulated in “Armando Reverón y la voluptuosidad en la pintura” (1955). In 1979, Calzadilla published Armando Reverón (Caracas: Armitano, 1979), an illustrated monograph on the artist and the first and only catalogue raisonné of his work. This essay—the curatorial text published in the catalogue for the exhibition Armando Reverón: exposición iconográfica y documental en el centenario de su nacimiento held at the Galería de Arte Nacional in Caracas in 1989—encapsulates Calzadilla’s critical assessments of Reverón’s work. In it, the critic formulates his ideas about the impact of certain events in Reverón’s life on the artist’s psychological makeup and on his work. Calzadilla posits a new dimension of Reverón’s creative production. While he recognizes the value of the periodization Boulton formulated in 1955, he revises it critically; Calzadilla includes Reverón’s early works as an important period, adds another one which he calls the “las majas” phase, and a late expressionist period. In addition to those assessments of Reverón’s painting, Calzadilla provides a vision of the artist’s life and work as an integral creative whole: El Castillete (the artist’s home-studio in the city of Macuto), his dolls and other objects (which “could be described as sculptural”), his rituals (“primitive formations of a body art”), and his lifestyle—all of which Boulton described as “fancies”—are, for Calzadilla, essential as art in their own right.
[For further reading, see in the ICAA digital archive the biographical document attributed to Armando Reverón “Datos del pintor Armando Reverón” (doc. no. 809055), and Alfredo Boulton’s “Armando Reverón o la voluptuosidad en la pintura” (doc. no. 808768), the main text in the catalogue for Reverón’s retrospective (Caracas: Museo de Bellas Artes, 1955). See as well Rafael Romero’s essay “Autorretratos 1944” (doc. no. 1160727), and José Balza’s essay “Análogo simultáneo (sobre los objetos de Armando Reverón)” (doc. no. 1157190)].