The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document is a short essay by Art Hernandez describing what Chicano art is. It begins with a history of the early derogatory uses of the term “Chicano” and several descriptions of Chicano art that incorporate individual styles, art school training, generational differences, as well as iconography. Hernandez ends with an acknowledgement of Chicano art’s “developmental” stage as an art movement and a declaration of a new “Chicano art style” that merges “traditional images with contemporary concepts.”
This essay was written by Art Hernandez, a Los Angeles painter, professor at East Los Angeles College, and one of the eight regional coordinators of the exhibition Chicano Art, which was held at the California State Capitol’s Governor’s Office in Sacramento, California, from June to August, 1975. It was the first exhibition of Chicano art by a state governmental entity and featured 143 artists from various urban and rural areas of the state. Hernandez wrote the introductory essay for the exhibition brochure that also listed each participating artist, artistic genre, and geographic location. Aside from its historical value in documenting early governmental recognition for Chicano art, the brochure and essay attest to the various definitions of Chicano art circulating after its first decade of existence.