Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

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Synopsis

This document is a short manifesto written in 1959 by the Argentinean collective, Grupo Espartaco. The writers denote the importance of art as revolutionary and state that their mission is to integrate the visual arts with political action and social representation. The manifesto expresses the importance of revolutionary art as public expression and the group aims to expose the general public to daily contact with various forms of visual art. The members of Grupo Espartaco state in this manifesto that their goal is to represent greater social identity and through this representation social advancements will transpire.

Annotations

In 1958, Ricardo Carpani (1930–1997), Juan Manuel Sanchez (born 1930), and Mario Mollari (1930–2010) combined their efforts to form Grupo Espartaco. A year later, other important Argentinean artists joined the group, including Juana Elena Diz (born 1925), Esperilio Brute (1931–2003), and Carlos Sessano (born 1935). Grupo Espartaco, or Spartacus Group, takes its name in homage to German Marxist theorist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg. Influenced by Luxemburg’s social theories, the collective focuses on muralism and visual art influenced by Latin American imagery to create a united social identity in Argentina. Grupo Espartaco officially disbanded in 1968.

Researcher
Misty Bradley
Team
International Center for the Arts of the Americas, MFAH, Houston, USA
Credit
© Grupo Espartaco (Carpani, Ricardo) "Por un arte revolucionario" In Semanario Política, Buenos Aires (1959). Reproducido en Rafael Cippolini, ed. Manifiestos argentinos. Políticas de lo visual, 1900-2000 (Córdoba, Argentina: Adriana Hidalgo Editora, 2003): 285-288.