The editorial categories are research topics that have guided researchers during the recovery phase and continue to be the impetus behind the Documents Project’s digital archive and the Critical Documents book series. Developed by the project’s Editorial Board, each of the teams analyzed this framework and adapted it to their local contexts in developing their research objectives and work plans during the Recovery Phase. Learn more on the Editorial Framework page.
This document is a short manifesto written in 1959 by the Argentinean collective, Grupo Espartaco. The writers denote the importance of art as revolutionary and state that their mission is to integrate the visual arts with political action and social representation. The manifesto expresses the importance of revolutionary art as public expression and the group aims to expose the general public to daily contact with various forms of visual art. The members of Grupo Espartaco state in this manifesto that their goal is to represent greater social identity and through this representation social advancements will transpire.
In 1958, Ricardo Carpani (1930–1997), Juan Manuel Sanchez (born 1930), and Mario Mollari (1930–2010) combined their efforts to form Grupo Espartaco. A year later, other important Argentinean artists joined the group, including Juana Elena Diz (born 1925), Esperilio Brute (1931–2003), and Carlos Sessano (born 1935). Grupo Espartaco, or Spartacus Group, takes its name in homage to German Marxist theorist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg. Influenced by Luxemburg’s social theories, the collective focuses on muralism and visual art influenced by Latin American imagery to create a united social identity in Argentina. Grupo Espartaco officially disbanded in 1968.