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  • ICAA Record ID
    1111192
    TITLE
    Cinco anos entre os "Brancos" : o Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia / Lina Bo
    IN
    Mirante das Artes (São Paulo, Brasil). --- No. 6 (nov./dez. 1967)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. I
    LANGUAGES
    Portuguese
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    Bardi, Lina Bo. "Cinco anos entre os "Brancos": o Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia." Mirante das Artes (São Paulo, Brazil),  no. 6 (Novembro/ Dezembro, 1967): I.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Synopsis

In this article, the Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi shares the announcement of the founding and operation of the MAMB (Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia) that was published in the magazine Mirante das Artes. She refers to the “disastrous” state of Brazilian culture following the military coup of March 31, 1964, explaining the principles upon which she bases her remarks, and reports on her academic and political discussions with the Universidade Federal da Bahia and the Sudene (Superintendência do Desenvolvimento do Nordeste). She states that the museum has always worked “to create a cultural movement” rooted in the traditional, “impoverished” culture of the northeastern part of the country. The goal of the museum was to move beyond the historical phase of western culture and immerse itself in the “real” world of Brazil’s current culture. In her opinion, that “reality” is based on the assumption that traditional values are the essence of technical instruments and of a new humanism. Bo Bardi discusses all the hostilities and affinities expressed by the provincial elite of Salvador (the capital of the state of Bahia), and the work done by the MAMB, which is expanding its efforts by adding a MAP (Museu de Arte Popular) with offices in the ancestral Solar do Unhão. In the midst of all that African-Brazilian culture, Bo Bardi speaks (regretfully) about living among the “white” culture that held power in the city—until the military coup put an end to everything.   

Leia esta sinopse em português
Synopsis

Este artigo introduz o encarte dedicado à fundação e funcionamento do Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia, publicado na revista Mirante das Artes. Nesta abertura, Lina Bo Bardi indica o estado de "calamidade" em que se encontra a cultura nacional pós golpe militar de 1964. Revela os princípios do Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia, articulados com a Universidade Federal da Bahia e a Sudene. Esclarece que o museu teve suas atividades voltadas para a "criação de um movimento cultural", com base na cultura pobre e popular do nordeste, para superar a fase histórica da cultura ocidental e entrar no mundo "verdadeiro" da cultura moderna. Esta verdade tinha por pressuposto que o valor popular era a essência dos instrumentos técnicos e do novo humanismo. Relata hostilidades e afinidades com a elite provinciana de Salvador, o caminho percorrido para criar o Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia que agregava o museu de arte popular e as oficinas do Unhão. Resume sua convivência com esta elite "branca" até o golpe de 64.

Revert to English synopsis
Annotations

The architect Lina Bo Bardi (née Achillina Bo, 1914–92) left Italy after the war and in the early 1950s settled in Brazil with her husband, the art dealer Pietro Maria Bardi (1900–99) who, with the businessman Assis Chateaubriand, proposed creating an art museum, the MASP (Museu de Arte de São Paulo). Bo Bardi took charge of Habitat, the art magazine of MASP. The following year, in 1951, she and her husband started the industrial design course at the Institute of Contemporary Art, IAC (Instituto de Arte Contemporânea), where she worked as a teacher. She lived in Salvador (Bahia) from 1959 to 1964, where she was the director of the MAMB. As had happened at the MASP in São Paulo—where she was in charge of program planning and teaching activities—her work at the MAMB consisted of organizing art historical exhibitions and shows for contemporary and international artists representing various movements, and reevaluating the traditional culture of the Brazilian “northeast.” Bo Bardi organized regular classes on art, music, cinema, and theater, and arranged for design and local handcraft workshops. She was a dynamic force in the art field in that part of the country, and helped local artists to make contact with well-known figures in the contemporary arts community. The Museu de Arte Popular opened in 1963, and housed works from different parts of the country. The military coup that overthrew the government the following year put an end to museum projects of that nature. On this subject, see articles by Bo Bardi, such as: “Formas como escultura” [doc. no. 1110858]; “Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia” [doc. no. 1110860]; and “Técnica e arte” [doc. no. 1110861].

 

Lina Bo Bardi founded the MAMB in Salvador (Bahia) and was the director of the museum from 1960 to 1964. Her work was the subject of discussion among Salvador’s avant-garde in the 1960s when artists of the stature of Glauber Rocha (cinema) and Caetano Veloso (music) began to emerge. Under her influence, the museum became a cultural center that promoted the contemporary art movement and the traditional culture of the “northeastern” part of the country. According to her, bringing those different worlds together would create a new form of “civilization.” On her watch, MAMB became a space that welcomed new artists and was in a constant state of transformation. The political and cultural upheaval of that period gradually took its toll on museum activities. After the fascist military coup (that lasted over two decades), Bo Bardi was accused of “subversion.” She was relieved of her position, and the museum and industrial design school project were abandoned to their fate.      

Leia este comentário crítico em português
Annotations

A arquiteta Lina Bo Bardi fundou e dirigiu de 1960 a 1964 o Museu de Arte Moderna em Salvador. Sua atividade museográfica se integra no debate cultural que forma a vanguarda de Salvador na década de 60, quando estavam despontando importantes artistas como Glauber Rocha e Caetano Veloso. A arquiteta tornou o espaço do museu um ambinete de difusão da cultura do movimento moderno na arte e da arte popular nordestina. O objetivo de fundir estes universos de conhecimento consolida uma nova "civilização" . O museu é orientado para conteúdo em formação e constante transformação. Os conflitos sociopolíticos e culturais do Brasil, na época, permeiam sua atividade no museu. Com o golpe militar de 1964, acusada de "subversão", Lina Bo foi afastada e o projeto do museu-escola de desenho industrial foi abandonado.

 

Ver também:

ROCHA, Glauber. Nordeste. Mirante das Artes, São Paulo, n.6, nov./dez. 1967, p.III.
BO, Lina. Bahia: Museu de Arte Moderna {Lina}. Mirante das Artes, São Paulo, n.6, nov./dez. 1967, p.17-24.

 

b- Aliança entre modernismo e tradição

b- Cultura popular e projeto político

e- Agremiações, Alianças, modelos de atuação e organização da cultura. Em apoio a arte moderna, dec 20, 30,40

e- Arte como missão . Democratização e popularização da cultura

Revert to English annotations
Researcher
Marina Grinnover
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Reproduzido com o consetimento de Instituto Lina Bo e P. M. Bardi, São Paulo, Brasil
Location
Serviço de Biblioteca e Documentação ECA/USP