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Synopsis

Mário Schenberg praised the organization of the Ninth São Paulo Biennial [1967] for understanding “this moment of extraordinary activity and profound renewal in Brazilian art.” His praise was based on the priority given to innovative works, even if they were presented “with deficiencies in terms of finish.” While the biennial highlighted “the veterans,” Lygia Clark, Abraham Palatnik, Waldemar Cordeiro, Mira Schendel, and Samson Flexor, it also provided incentives to the “young masters,” including Hélio Oiticica, Nelson Leirner, Wesley Duke Lee, Maria Bonomi, José Resende, Rubens Gerchman, and Nicolas Vlavianos, from Greece.

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Synopsis

Mário Schenberg elogia a organização da IX Bienal de São Paulo por ter compreendido o "momento de extraordinária atividade e profunda renovação da arte brasileira" e ter privilegiado as obras inovadoras, mesmo quando apresentadas "com deficiências de execução". Destaca os "veteranos" como Lygia Clark, Abraham Palatinik, Waldemar Cordeiro, Mira Schendel e Samson Flexor; os "jovens mestres" Hélio Oiticica, Nelson Leirner, Wesley Duke Lee; Maria Bonomi; José Resende; Nicolas Vlavianos; Rubens Gerchman, entre outros.

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Annotations

This text was written by the leading theoretical physicist in Brazil, who was also a politician and art critic: Mario Schenberg (1914-90). In general, the articles he published were scientific, in the fields of thermodynamics, quantum physics, statistics, astrophysics, and mathematics. He was president of the Brazilian Physics Society (1979–81) and director of the Physics Department at the Universidade de São Paulo (USP) from 1953 to 1961. Twice he was elected deputy for the State of São Paulo, but after the 1964 military coup d’état, his ties to the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB) had a devastating effect on his life. The military government cancelled all his political, academic, and personal rights. It was in those early years of the Brazilian military dictatorship—which would be in power for over two decades (1964-85)—that Schenberg identified this great moment of creative eruption in Brazil. Two years later in 1969, the Tenth São Paulo Biennial “carried on” under all kinds of international boycotts as a result of Institutional Order No. 5 (AI-5), which repealed all the rights of Brazilian citizens. That year, Professor Schenberg was fired without a pension and banned from entering the USP campus.

Leia este comentário crítico em português
Annotations

Mário Schenberg (1914-1990) era considerado um dos físicos teóricos mais importantes do Brasil. Em 1953 tornou-se diretor do Departamento de Física na Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Em 1964, teve sua prisão declarada pela Ditadura Militar e permaneceu cinco meses foragido, quando seu mandato de prisão foi revogado devido à pressão da comunidade científica internacional. Em 1969, com o advento do AI-5 (Ato Institucional Número Cinco) Schenberg foi aposentado compulsoriamente e proibido de entrar no campus da Universidade de São Paulo.

 

m- Bienal de São Paulo

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Researcher
Polyana Canhete
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Ana Clara Schenberg, filha de Mario Schenberg, São Paulo, BR
Location
Arquivo Histórico Wanda Svevo, Fundação Bienal de São Paulo