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Synopsis

Volume from the ABC collection – Arte Brasileira Contemporânea dedicated to Lygia Pape; it includes texts written by her, critic Mário Pedrosa, and a poem by Luis Otávio Pimentel, as well as some short passages written by 19th century writer Sousândrade and Hélio Oiticica. Artist Pape discusses her artistic career in a singular manner; texts and images are at various moments treated collectively, rather than as descriptions and illustrations. In his essay, Pedrosa affirms Pape’s importance within the contemporary arts scene due to the dynamic nature of her work and the interior connections within that work, in which “the motor-artist is the small particle, the vital breath that unites everything: art-and-not-art, form and part, color and space, in a circuit that starts here, but not does end there.” Pape’s text, in turn, synthesizes key works of her career, from the Tecelares [Weavings] to the Espaços Imantados [Magnetized Spaces]. Pimentel’s poem makes collages out of texts that reference concrete and experimental poetry (produced in the 1950s and 1960s), while making use of text and images that take inspiration from Pape’s work.

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Synopsis

Volume da coleção ABC - Arte Brasileira Contemporânea dedicado a artista Lygia Pape, com textos dela, do crítico Mario Pedrosa e um poema de Luis Otávio Pimentel, além de excertos de Sousândrade e Helio Oiticica. Trata-se de um livro de artista, no qual Pape apresenta de maneira bastante singular a sua trajetória artística: em várias situações texto e imagem não são tratados como descrição e ilustração, mas conjuntamente. No texto de apresentação de Pedrosa, o crítico ressalta a importância da artista no cenário contemporâneo e o caráter dinâmico e interrelacionado de seus trabalhos, no qual "a artista-motriz é a pequena partícula, o sopro vital que une tudo, arte-não-arte, forma e parte, cor e espaço, num circuito que se inicia aqui e não termina acolá". Em seus textos, Pape apresenta uma síntese de alguns trabalhos-chave de sua carreira, desde os "Tecelares" até os "Espaços Imantados". O poema de Pimentel amalgama colagens de textos, referências à poesia concreta e experimental feita entre as décadas de 1950 e 1970, fazendo uma leitura textual, imagética e espacial inspirada nos trabalhos da artista.

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Annotations

The ABC collection – Arte Brasileira Contemporânea, launched by FUNARTE (Fundação Nacional da Arte) in 1978 became a key bibliographic reference on Brazilian art of the 1960s and 1970s. During its 16 years, the series published small volumes on artists such as Anna Bella Geiger, Carlos Vergara, Rubens Gerchman, Arthur Barrio, Antonio Dias, Wesley Duke Lee, Lygia Clark, Cildo Meireles, Waltércio Caldas, Lygia Pape and Antonio Manuel. Its authors include: Ronaldo Brito, Paulo Sérgio Duarte, Fernando Cocchiarale, Hélio Oiticica, Mário Pedrosa, Paulo Venâncio Filho, Frederico Morais and Ferreira Gullar, among others.

 

Lygia Pape arose on the arts circuit in Rio de Janeiro during the 1950s, and was linked to both abstract and concrete art. The artist was one of the key members of the Neo-concrete art movement and would play an important role in the experimental poetry of the 1960s within the Nova Objetividade Brasileira (1967), and in the 1970s she became one of the principal contemporary artists of Brazil. [For more on the Neo-concrete movement, see these texts in the ICAA digital archive: by Ronaldo Brito “Neoconcretismo” (doc. no. 1091308); and by Ferreira Gullar et al. “Manifesto Neoconcreto” (doc. no. 1110328)].  

 

Mário Pedrosa (1900–81) was an intellectual and politician, and undoubtedly the key theoretician and critic on Brazilian art of the 20th century. He began as an international politics correspondent for the Diário da Noite, and beginning in the 1920s he was affiliated with the PCB (Communist Party of Brazil). He was imprisoned in 1932 because of his political militancy (Trotskyism). During the Estado Novo of Getúlio Vargas, he lived in exile in France and New York, and only returned to Brazil after the Second World War, when he worked for the Correio da Manhã. His stance against Stalinism led him to found the Vanguarda Socialista, a weekly publication. He presented a thesis on aesthetics called “Da natureza afetiva da forma na obra de arte” (1949) at the School of Architecture (Rio) that made use of his philosophical background, and his knowledge of Gestalt psychology; during that time he was also one of the founders of the AICA (1948) and also organized the International Conference of Art Critics (Brasilia, 1959). He wrote an arts column for the Tribuna da Imprensa (1950–54) and was an organizing member of the II and III São Paulo Biennials (1953 and 1955), later becoming director of the MAM-SP (1961–63). He served as secretary for the National Council of Culture during the brief government of Jânio Quadros. During the military dictatorship he took refuge in Chile, where he became director of the Museo de la Solidaridad in Santiago; after the Pinochet coup (1973), he left for Havana, where he served as secretary for the Museo de la Resistencia Salvador Allende. He only returned to Brazil in 1977 (at the beginning of the amnesty) and was the first to sign the manifesto creating the PT (Party of Workers, 1980). His vast library (which included eight thousand volumes) is partially available at the national library in Rio de Janeiro.

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Annotations

A coleção ABC - Arte Brasileira Contemporânea, lançada em 1978 pela Funarte, tornou-se referência bibliográfica pioneira sobre a produção brasileira dos anos 1960 e 1970. A série contou, ao longo do seus 16 anos de existência, com títulos sobre Anna Bella Geiger, Carlos Vergara, Rubens Gerchman, Barrio, Antonio Dias, Wesley Duke Lee, Lygia Clark, Cildo Meireles, Waltercio Caldas, Lygia Pape e Antonio Manuel. Dentre seus autores figuram Ronaldo Brito, Paulo Sergio Duarte, Fernando Cocchiarale, Helio Oiticica, Mario Pedrosa, Paulo Venâncio Filho, Frederico Morais e Ferreira Gullar, entre outros. Lygia Pape surge no ambiente artística dos anos 1950, vinculada à abstração e à arte concreta. A artista será uma das protagonistas do Neoconcretismo e terá papel destacado nas poéticas experimentais nascidas nos anos 1960, sob o signo da Nova Objetividade, e depois, nos anos 1970, permaneceu como uma das principais artistas contemporâneas brasileiras.

 

Ver também:

Lygia Pape. EAT ME. A gula ou a luxúria (folder de exp.) Rio de Janeiro: Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro, 1975
Luís Otávio Pimentel. Lygia Pape e os ovos do vento (1979)

 

g- Arte neoconcreta

k- Arte e vida. Corpo

k- Entre o território da arte e o mundo real

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Researcher
Equipe Brasil: Guilherme Bueno
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Location
Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói