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Synopsis

This is the first issue of the Brazilian journal Nervo Óptico (April 1977). A seven-line text/statement (all the text in that publication) sets forth the manifesto written by the N.O. group in December 1976, which assumed a “critical stance regarding the creation/market binomial.” The members disseminated their statement in order to generate debates that would revolve around the need to “create a context and milieu suitable for the forms of contemporary art/visual language.” Moreover, the artwork created would “be the product of a critical awareness and constructive action in our own lives.” This first edition of Nervo Óptico reproduced a sequence of small images, creating a “contact sheet” of photographs that show “the ongoing activities” carried out by the group.

Leia esta sinopse em português
Synopsis

"Nervo Óptico", com a epígrafe "Publicação aberta à divulgação de novas poéticas visuais", teve periodicidade mensal e 13 edições, de abril de 1977 a setembro de 1978. Foi publicado em Porto Alegre (RS) pelo grupo de artistas que depois ficaria identificado pelo nome dessa publicação (grupo NO). Integravam o grupo: Vera Chaves Barcellos, Carlos Asp, Carlos Pasquetti, Clovis Dariano, Flavio Pons, Mara Alvares e Telmo Lanes, entre outros. No primeiro número, de abril de 1977, em texto-legenda de sete linhas (único texto da publicação, feita em formato plaquete e impressa de um único lado de uma folha de papel tamanho 32cmX 22,05cm), noticia-se o manifesto realizado pelo grupo em dezembro de 1976, situando-o como "posição crítica em relação ao binômio criação-mercado". Abordam o desdobramento do manifesto, gerador de debates visando "criação de um contexto e clima próprios a formas de uma linguagem visual contemporânea, ao mesmo tempo que produtos de uma consciência crítica e uma atuação construtiva dentro de nosso contexto social".

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Annotations

Under the epigraph “Publication open to the dissemination of new visual poetics,” Nervo Óptico was published monthly in Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul) for a total of 13 issues (from April 1977 to September 1978). The journal was created by a group of artists who identified themselves with the journal’s initials, N.O. The participants in Nervo Óptico included Vera Chaves Barcellos (b. 1938), Carlos Asp (b. 1949), Carlos Pasquetti (b. 1948), Clovis Dariano (b. 1950), Jesús Escobar (b. 1956), Flávio Pons (b. 1947), Mara Alvares (b. 1948), Romanita Martins (b. 1940) and Telmo Lanes (b. 1955).

The publication was created in the form of a small plaque, printed on only one side of the sheet (32 cm x 22.05cm), with an average run of 2,000 copies. Circulated nationally and internationally, Nervo Óptico was sent out to a broad mailing of artists, journalists and art critics. This was the only issue that explicitly stated the group’s objective, presented a few months earlier at the “Exposição-Manifesto de 1976,” also known as “Ongoing Activities.” Nervo Óptico was published on the occasion of a group show at a commercial gallery in Porto Alegre, that is, “when it found its context,” in keeping with its epigraph, written by Mário Pedrosa.

The content of Nervo Óptico was basically visual, reproducing works by the group or invited artists, almost all including the language of photography, whether as artwork in itself or as photographic documentation of performances. The publication created a space for debate about contemporary art events far from the values that prevailed in the art market and the demand for collectible objects. Nervo Óptico focused on conceptual art, thus creating its own instrument of legitimation.

All 13 issues of the Porto Alegre publication Nervo Óptico are available in the ICAA digital archive.

Before the publication was founded, the artists who would create Nervo Óptico met at a two-day event (December 9 – 10, 1976) at the Museu de Arte do Rio Grande do Sul. The exhibition “Exposição Manifesto,” also known as “Atividades Continuadas,” showed objects, graphic artwork, photography, installations, art books, performances and debates. The idea was that it would become “an exhibition of creative experience with the community.” For a description of the group’s thinking about the artist’s role and creative potential beyond market conditions, see the document distributed during the exhibition [doc. no. 1110690].

In addition to the publication distributed at this early exhibition, the collective also established the Espaço N.O., which focused on the new media and experimental forms such as mail art, Xerox art, performances and installations. This cultural space also integrated music, theater, dance and literature into the visual arts. What’s more, the space opened its doors to courses, meetings and lectures about contemporary art. For more information, see the book Espaço NO: Eventos e Artistas Atuantes 1979-1982 (Porto Alegre: Galeria Chaves Espaço N.O., 1982).  

Leia este comentário crítico em português
Annotations

O conteúdo da publicação era basicamente visual, reproduzindo obras de arte do grupo ou de convidados, quase todas incorporando a linguagem fotográfica como expressão artística em si ou a documentação fotográfica de performances. No primeiro número de "Nervo Óptico" há a reprodução de diversas imagens pequenas em sequência, simulando contato de filme fotográfico, dando conta de "atividades continuadas" realizadas pelo grupo no Museu de Arte do Rio Grande do Sul em paralelo ao manifesto e uma "exposição e experiência criativa com a comunidade", realizada na cidade de Alegrete, no interior do Estado. "Nervo Óptico", com tiragem média de dois mil exemplares, teve divulgação regional, nacional e até internacional, pelo envio da publicação pelo correio a um amplo mailing de artistas, jornalistas e críticos de arte.

 

Ver também:

Manifesto Nervo Óptico; Catálogo "Espaço NO: Eventos e Artistas Atuantes 1979-1982" (Ed. Funarte, 1982); "Exposição Manifesto", in Boletim Informativo do MARGS, jan-abril 1977, págs. 12 e 13.

 

k- Escritos e linguagem dos artistas conceituais. Poema objeto. Livros de Artista.

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Researcher
Angelica de Moraes
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Reproduzido com o consetimento de Carlos Pasquetti e de Telmo da Silva Lanes, Porto Alegre, Brasil
Location
Fundação Vera Chaves Barcellos