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Gilberto Freyre identifies the seed of Brazilian regionalism in the Regionalist movement of Recife, which in his judgment was subtly preceded by Franklin Távora, Inglês de Sousa, Afonso Arinos, Alcides Maya, and reflected by Mário de Andrade and the Swiss poet Blaise Cendrars. He states that regionalism was not restricted to the 1920s and 1930s, but that it expanded to include writers, playwrights, poets, and painters such as Jõao Guimarães Rosa, Candido Portinari, Lula Cardoso Ayres, Francisco Brennand, Nelson Rodrigues, Ariano Suassuna, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Joaquim Cardozo, and João Cabral de Melo Neto, among others. Throughout his article, the author identifies within the Brazilian cultural panorama authors that, in his judgment, incorporate the concerns of regionalism into other fields, stating that because “they were modern in their universalism, they have absorbed, assimilated, and transformed indestructible influences from the regions’ past.”
Freyre identifica no Movimento Regionalista do Recife a grande semente do regionalismo brasileiro, antes precedido, mais sutilmente, por Franklin Távora, Inglês de Souza, Afonso Arinos, Alcides Maya e contemporaneamente refletido em Mário de Andrade e Blaise Cendrars. Mais adiante, percebe que as preocupações regionalistas não ficaram restritas às décadas de 20 ou 30, mas expandiram-se alcançando Guimarães Rosa, Candido Portinari, Lula Cardoso Ayres, Francisco Brennand, Nelson Rodrigues, Ariano Suassuna, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Joaquim Cardozo, João Cabral de Melo Neto, entre outros. Durante o artigo, Freyre segue identificando, no panorama da cultura brasileira de então, autores que, segundo ele, incorporam as preocupações regionalistas, e que, "sendo modernos em seu universalismo, absorvam, assimilem, transfigurem sugestões vindas de passados regionais indestrutíveis".
Fifty years after he had written the original version, the author here re-affirms the tenor in which the guidelines for his “Manifesto regionalista de 1926” unfolded [see the ICAA digital archive (doc. no. 1074787); see also by this author “Manifesto Regionalista de 1926: vinte e cinco anos depois” (doc. no. 1110808)].
Brazilian Sociologist and congressman Gilberto [de Mello] Freyre (1900?87) was one of the thinkers who exercised great influence in his country, particularly with regard to racial issues during the first half of the twentieth century. In 1933, Freyre obtained international recognition for his masterpiece Casa-Grande & Senzala [Masters and Slaves], the first of a series of three books that also included Sobrados e mucambos [Mansions and Shanties] (1938), and finally Ordem e Progresso [Order and Progress] (1957) [see in the ICAA digital archive “Interamericanismo” (doc. no. 807911), and “A propósito da política cultural do Brasil na América” (doc. no. 807856)].
O sociológo Gilberto Freyre reafirma aqui, cinquenta anos depois, o teor de seu "Manifesto regionalista de 1926".
Ver também: "Manifesto regionalista de 1926", de Gilberto Freyre
b- Experiencia regional e renovação artística