Documents of 20th-century Latin American and Latino Art

www.mfah.org Home

IcaadocsArchive

Document first page thumbnail
Synopsis

The Brazilian professor and art critic Aracy Amaral introduces Arte Híbrida, the exhibition organized by the MACU in Sao Paulo where she was the director. She highlights the creativity of the participating artists and their search for a Brazilian form of art expressed through a process of cultural miscegenation. In her essay, Amaral uses the term “hybrid” to describe the creative acculturation of information that is received from external sources, then absorbed and transformed by local influences and referents. She stresses the search for originality (even in an environment of cultural dependence), and the freedom to pursue experimental work, believing implicitly that it is the result of the existence of a market, albeit an incipient one; and she calls attention to the fact that research projects now probe their subjects more deeply. Amaral reminds us that this exhibition showcases the work of a generation of artists that have achieved the recognition of the international market very quickly, and goes on to describe the individual characteristics of each of the artists involved, including: the ornamental and decorative elements in Mônica Nador’s monochromatic abstraction; the banal language-based construction that Sérgio Romagnolo uses to express his precarious themes; the sensual and organic qualities in the rigorous construction of works by Ana Tavares; and, finally, the transfiguration that Leda Catunda achieves by combining handcrafts with paintings of industrial objects to evoke everyday experiences.   

Leia esta sinopse em português
Synopsis

Aracy Amaral apresenta a exposição Arte Híbrida. Exalta qualidades criativas dos artistas, assim como sua procura de uma arte brasileira, assumida através da característica da miscigenação cultural. Adota o termo híbrido com relaçào a aculturação criativa da informação recebida de fora, captada e alterada de acordo com referenciais locais. Salienta a busca de originalidade, mesmo no processo de dependência cultural, a liberdade de experimentação, que acredita ser produto de um mercado de arte incipiente, e nota ccrescente aprofundamento da pesquisa. Lembra que trata-se de uma geração de artistas rapidamente reconhecida pelo mercado internacional. Indica características de cada artista: a introdução do ornamento e de elementos decorativos na abstração monocromática de Mônica Nador; a construção do banal através da linguagem da precariedade em Sérgio Romagnolo; a presença do sensual e orgânico nas peças de construção rigorosa de Ana Tavares; a transfiguração através do artesanal e da pintura de objetos industrializados apropriados do cotidiano por Leda Catunda.

Revert to English synopsis
Annotations

The artists Mônica Nador, Sérgio Romagnolo, Leda Catunda, and Ana Tavares, as well as Ciro Cozzolino and Sérgio Niculitcheff participated in Pintura como Meio, the exhibition that was organized in 1983 at the Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, by the art historian and art critic Aracy Abreu Amaral (b. 1930) who, at the time, was the director of the museum. Since 1975, Amaral has taken a keen interest in Latin American art. She attended the Austin Symposium in Texas, where she established relationships with Latin American critics including Marta Traba, Juan Acha, and Damián C. Bayón, who piqued her interest in the “identity” aspect of art that was very much in vogue during the 1970s. In her opinion, in the article “Modernidade e identidade: as duas Américas Latinas ou três, fora do tempo”—[see doc. no. 776159]—“what is ‘new’ is duty-bound to express self-affirmation, and is intimately associated with the idea of what is ‘Brazilian’ and what is ‘traditional,’ and with the concept of ‘internationalism’.” In another of her essays, [doc. no. 776227], Amaral remarks on the ambiguity she detects in the use of the term “art” throughout Latin America, nonetheless recognizing the development of a group identity and the “hybrid” nature of the various cultures involved.  

 

Her term at the MAC—Universidade de São Paulo reinforced the views of the previous administration under Professor Walter Zanini (1925–2013) by encouraging the younger generations and fostering experimental work and research beyond the fields of conventional painting and sculpture. On this matter, see Zanini’s essay on one of the artists of the Geração 80: “Mônica Nador” [doc. no. 1111277].

 

The above-mentioned exhibition is considered early evidence of the commercially driven retreat in the 1980s that was known as the “return to painting.” Among the avant-garde this situation was historically referred to as a “retour à l’ordre.” The exhibition focused on works associated with the international trans-avant-garde (endorsed by the Italian critic Achille Benito Oliva, ABO) and the Neo-Expressionist movement. The artists represented at this event were trained by a couple of artist-professors at the FAAP (Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado) in São Paulo.

 

The Arte Híbrida exhibition includes the three artists mentioned above as well as Mônica Nador, an artist for whom the term “hybrid”—still mutating or impure—means something that is inherently part of Brazilian art. On this matter, see also Romagnolo’s personal views expressed in his essay “Arte híbrida,” one of the chapters in his book that bears the same name (Río de Janeiro, São Paulo, and Porto Alegre, FUNARTE, MAM-SP, BFB, 1989).

Leia este comentário crítico em português
Annotations

Os artistas Sérgio Romagnolo, Leda Catunda e Ana Tavares participaram, junto com Ciro Cozzolino e Sérgio Niculitcheff, da exposição Pintura como Meio, organizada em 1983 no Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo. A mostra apresentada por Aracy Amaral é considerada a primeira evidencia da "volta à pintura" nos moldes das vertentes internacionais da transvanguarda e neoexpressionismo. Trata-se , no entanto de um grupo diferenciado, em parte por ter sido formado com os artistas Nelson Leirner e Regina Silveira, Professores da Fundação Armando Álvares Penteado, em São Paulo. A mostra Arte Híbrida reúne novamente os três artistas, acrescentado-se a proposta de Monica Nador, para quem o híbrido - como mutante ou impuro - seria um fator comum da arte brasileira.

Ver também: Romagnolo, Sérgio. Arte híbrida. In: Arte híbrida. Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Porto Alegre: Funarte / MAM / BFB, 1989.

b- Interpretações críticas da noção "arte brasileira"

c- Apropriações. Entrecruza/o de culturas: cult popular e cult erudita; cult artística e indústria cultural; cult rural, cult urbana, cult suburbana

c- Geração 80. Mostras. Artistas. Novo universo de valor: volta a pintura, uso da imagem (banal, precário, remanescente); lúdico, citação e paródia

Revert to English annotations
Researcher
Marco Andrade
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Courtesy of personal archives of Aracy A. Amaral, São Paulo, Brazil
Location
Serviço de Biblioteca e Documentação ECA/USP