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  • ICAA Record ID
    1074928
    TITLE
    A querela do Brasil / Carlos Zilio
    IN
    Malasartes (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil). -- No. 2 (1976)
    DESCRIPTION
    p. 8-10 : ill.
    LANGUAGES
    Portuguese
    TYPE AND GENRE
    Journal article – Essays
    BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION
    ZILIO, Carlos. A querela do Brasil. Malasartes, Rio de Janeiro, n.2, p.8-10, 1976.
    TOPIC DESCRIPTORS
    African cultural or regional styles; Indigenismo; Modernist; Photoconceptualism; popular culture
    GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTORS
Synopsis

The introduction to this essay rejects the possibility of defining Brazilian art by clearly describing the parameters of such a process which, usually, refers to cultural policies based on folkloric and anecdotal visions of national reality. Identifying a rupture with foreign models as being one of the main issues facing the visual arts, the artist Carlos Zílio proposes a very particular form of expression that is closely related to Brazilian reality yet does not lose sight of the general development of art. In this essay he discusses the problem of creating a specifically Brazilian kind of art, looking back at the “tropical treatment” embraced by Cubism and Futurism in the 1920s, and the expressions of “new nationalism” that appeared in the 1960s and 1970s which were referred to variously as Indianism, marginalization, black art, and South Americanism. From that historical perspective, Zílio sees both a lack of continuity from one generation to another and a premature abandonment of the more radical forms of art. All this leads him to conclude that Brazilian art’s search for identity “is not a moral objective,” but concerns that particular art’s own sense of authenticity. In other words, “either it exists as a culture’s legitimate expression or it is a copy. In other words, it is nothing.”

Leia esta sinopse em português
Synopsis

O resumo que antecede o artigo questiona a possibilidade de definir uma arte brasileira e aponta para os limites deste debate, que, não raro, traz implícitas concepções de política cultural com base em visões folclóricas e anedóticas da realidade nacional. Ao classificar o rompimento com modelos estrangeiros como uma das principais questões das artes plásticas, o autor propõe o pensamento de uma noção particular de expressão que esteja vinculada ao contexto brasileiro, sem perder de vista o processo de desenvolvimento geral da arte.
O texto examina o problema de uma especificidade da arte brasileira desde o "tratamento tropical" do cubismo e futurismo pela geração dos anos 1920, até manifestações do "novo nacionalismo" nas décadas de 1960 e 1970, identificadas como indianismo, marginalidade, arte negra e sulamericanismo.  O que o autor verifica neste quadro histórico são a descontinuidade de processos na seqüência de gerações e a interrupção prematura das pesquisas artísticas mais radicais. Isso para concluir que a busca de uma identidade para a arte brasileira não é "um objetivo de ordem moral", mas o sentido de validade de nossa arte, que "ou existe como expressão legítima de uma cultura ou é cópia. Ou seja, nada é".

Revert to English synopsis
Annotations

This essay was published in Malasartes magazine and was the source of the artist and Professor Carlos Zílio’s doctoral thesis, which was subsequently included in his book entitled A querela do Brasil - A questão da identidade da arte brasileira (1982). In his book, Zílio analyzes the iconography of modernist works by painters such as Tarsila do Amaral, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti and Candido Portinari, particularly those produced between 1922 and 1945, when Brazilian art began (for the first time, according to Zílio) to systematize an honest approach to national culture.

 

Malasartes (1975–76) was associated with experimental artists in Rio de Janeiro in the 1970s. It was founded by Cildo Meireles (b. 1948), Carlos Vergara (b. 1941), Carlos Zílio (b. 1944), Ronaldo Brito (b. 1949), and Waltércio Caldas (b. 1946).

 

Zílio re-launched his painting career in Brazil with the exhibition Atensão after being involved for many years with MR-8, the urban guerilla group inspired by the teachings of Che Guevara. Zílio lived in exile in France in the early 1970s. The works he presented at the exhibition were a far cry from the optimistic worldview of the Nova Objetividade Brasileira in 1967, and from Pop Art, which had influenced his work in the 1960s. On his return to Brazil he started painting and teaching again, and published the magazine Gávea.

 

An interview with Fernando Cocchiarale [see doc. no. 1110517] refers to Zílio’s re-engagement with art following his exile after being in prison (1970–72) during the period of political repression under the military dictatorship. During his exile in Paris he set about writing the book: A querela de Brasil [The Brazilian Dispute]. The title of the book uses a play on words to allude to Aquarela do Brasil [Brazilian Watercolor], a famous musical composition by Ary Barroso.  

 

Zílio also wrote, together with Ronaldo Brito and others, the irreverent essay “O boom, o pós-boom e o dis-boom” [doc. no. 1110451]. 

Leia este comentário crítico em português
Annotations

O ensaio publicado na revista "Malasartes" é a origem da tese de doutoramento do artista e professor Carlos Zilio, publicada em livro em 1982, sob o título "A querela do Brasil - A questão da identidade da arte brasileira". Nesta obra, o autor analisa a iconografia das obras dos modernistas Tarsila do Amaral, Emiliano Di Cavalcanti e Candido Portinari, em especial as respectivas produções compreendidas no período entre 1922 e 1945, quando a arte feita no país sistematiza - pela primeira vez, na opinião de Zílio - uma posição em relação à cultura nacional.

b- Ideologia da cultura nacional

b- Interpretações críticas da noção "arte brasileira"

Revert to English annotations
Researcher
Equipe Brasil: José Augusto Ribeiro
Team
FAPESP, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Credit
Carlos Zilio, Rio Janeiro, BR
Location
Serviço de Biblioteca e Documentação ECA/USP