2/14/2018 2:18 PM
During this month, the ICAA celebrates the anniversary of three significant Brazilian artists during the 1950s, 60s and 70s:
On February 01, we celebrate the 80th anniversary of Spanish-born Brazilian artist, printmaker, and author Julio Plaza (February 01, 1938–June 17, 2003). Born and raised in Madrid, Julio Plaza arrived in Brazil in 1967, as part of a group of artists representing Spain at the IX Bienal Internacional de São Paulo. Plaza settled permanently in São Paulo in 1973, where he became involved with key figures of the concrete art movement in the country, such as Augusto de Campos (with whom he co-created the artist book Julio Plaza—Objetos, 1968–69). In the 1970s, Plaza embraced an interdisciplinary approach to his artistic practice, producing multimedia works that involved video, computer graphics, holographs, photography, and graphic arts. The artist was also influential in training a new generation of artists by teaching at the Universidade de São Paulo (among a number of other prestigious institutions), and by becoming a founding member of national associations for research in the arts and technology. For more information on Julio Plaza, visit the ICAA digital archive.
On February 19, we also celebrate the 90th anniversary of Brazilian artist Abraham Palatnik (b. February 19, 1928). Born in Natal, a city located in the Northeast of Brazil, in 1932 Palatnik and his family moved to Tel Aviv where he acquired a degree in technical engineering and also studied at the Tel Aviv Municipal Institute of Art until 1947. Palatnik returned to Brazil in 1948 and established his studio in Rio de Janeiro, where he met artists Ivan Serpa, Almir Mavignier, and art critic Mário Pedrosa. As a result, Palatnik abandons figurative painting and embraces the study of light, color, and movement, culminating in the creation of his celebrated Aparelho Cinecromático, which was featured in the I Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, in 1951 (a version of this work from 1962 is now part of the MFAH Collection). In 1953, he joined Grupo Frente, a Rio-based group of concrete artists including Ivan Serpa, Lygia Clark, Franz Weissmann, Ferreira Gullar, and others. Palatnik is internationally known for being among the pioneers of kinetic art. For more information on this artist, visit the ICAA digital archive.
On February 27, we further celebrate the 95th anniversary of the birth of Brazilian painter, photographer, and designer Geraldo de Barros (February 27, 1923–April 17, 1998). Geraldo de Barros set up a photography lab at the Museu de Arte de São Paulo in 1949. In 1951, he went to Paris to study printmaking, where he met future faculty members of Max Bill’s School of Advanced Studies in Form. He returned to Brazil in 1952, when he and Waldemar Cordeiro initiated and signed the manifesto ruptura, along with artists Lothar Charoux, Luis Sacilotto, Leopold Haar, Kazmer Féjer, and Anatol Wladyslaw. De Barros participated in several São Paulo biennials, and continued to be active in the Brazil’s arts scene during the 1960s and 1970s, helping found a design cooperative, a graphic design studio, and the artist group Grupo Rex, led by painter Wesley Duke Lee. For more information on Geraldo de Barros, visit the ICAA digital archive.